Any pain in the body forces us to adopt different positions, postures and movement patterns, generally to find comfort, however this in turn affects muscular function and movement control. Whilst this process affects injuries to all joints it is especially common with those that affect the spine.
Physiotherapy exercise sessions focus on restoring range of movement to reduce pain whilst balancing the recruitment of the large superficial muscles (designed to create movement) with the small deep muscles (designed to provide stability) and in doing so improve posture, strength and flexibility.
It works by strengthening a variety of muscle groups including the deep abdominal, gluteal, pelvic floor and low back muscles which support our spine and pelvis and provide the platform for our upper body, neck and head to sit on. Weakness in these muscles is what leads to postural pain and injuries, which are becoming increasingly common with sedentary occupations requiring extended periods of sitting or standing.
Physiotherapy exercise sessions also helps increase the endurance of these stabilising muscles, leading to more efficient recruitment, better spinal stability and less reliance on larger muscles which will reduce fatigue and injury risk.